Development Professional Jobs in West Africa-Referencing of transnational cooperation practices and mechanisms in the Gulf of Guinea countries(Benin-Côte Ivoire-Ghana-Guinea-Nigeria-Togo)-2020

Development Professional Jobs in West Africa-Referencing of transnational cooperation practices and mechanisms in the Gulf of Guinea countries



  • Benin
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Nigeria
  • Togo


  • Expertise France


  • Consultancy

Career Category

Years of experience

  • 5-9 years


  • Protection and Human Rights
  1. Context and justification of the need-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


1) Presentation of the project-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


The European Commission decided, on January 10, 2019, to finance a project to support the fight against trafficking in persons in the countries of the Gulf of Guinea (ALTP). This project is funded over four years by the FFU (Emergency Trust Fund for Africa in favor of stability and the fight against the root causes of irregular migration and the phenomenon of displaced persons), and co-funded by France expertise concerning the activities implemented at the national level in Togo and Benin (countries not directly eligible for the Trust Fund).


The main objective of the project is to support the authorities and civil society of 6 countries of the Gulf of Guinea (Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin and Nigeria) on different aspects of the fight against trafficking in human beings. : strengthening of institutional and operational capacities, law enforcement, victim protection and regional cooperation. This region is in fact characterized by a pattern of cross-border and circular trafficking: these countries are at the same time territories of origin, transit and destination of victims of trafficking.


Furthermore, it is estimated that 75% of migratory movements in West Africa are carried out within the region. In the geographic area of ​​intervention there are several major intra-regional corridors associating migratory flows (regular or irregular) and the occurrence of abusive practices, mainly for the purposes of sexual exploitation or forced labor. Trafficking in persons in this region has both an internal and a transnational dimension.

The description of the project action will be shared with the selected service provider.


2) Context of the commissioned study-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


The specific objective 4 of the project aims to boost cross-border cooperation and implement cooperation measures in accordance with bilateral and regional agreements in force, in partnership with ECOWAS.


The main regional and cross-border cooperation frameworks relating to the fight against trafficking and smuggling of human beings have been structured over the last decade since the signing of the multilateral cooperation agreement in the fight against trafficking in human beings. children in West Africa (Abidjan, July 2005) and the multilateral regional cooperation agreement to combat trafficking in persons, in particular women and children in West and Central Africa (agreement d ‘ Abuja, July 2006).

ECOWAS has an Anti-Trafficking in Persons Unit which annually brings together national focal points for meetings and training, but it lacks the means to carry out its mission, in accordance with the 2006 ECOWAS / ECCAS Action Plan ( two full-time people and occasional support from ICMPD).

The revised ECOWAS Action Plan (2016-2020), supported by the FMM- Free Movement of persons and Migration (funded by the EU and ECOWAS and implemented by IOM in collaboration with ICMPD and the ILO )), will provide an updated framework for cooperation and priorities for action. Additional bilateral, tri or multiparty agreements have also been concluded. Togo, Benin, Ghana and Nigeria are parties to a quadripartite agreement on border control against child trafficking, repatriation of victims and extradition of traffickers.

Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire are linked by a cooperation agreement on combating child trafficking and the worst forms of child labor. Guinea has concluded a multilateral agreement to combat child trafficking with eight other states in the sub-region (Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali, Togo and Nigeria ). Benin signed a cooperation agreement with Nigeria in 2009 on the prevention, repression and suppression of trafficking in human beings, especially women and children, an agreement which should be revitalized.

Togo has concluded agreements with several ECOWAS states (Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana and Nigeria), which set out the modalities of cooperation in matters of orientation and repatriation. A Togo / Benin / Nigeria agreement is under negotiation. In their entirety, these agreements set out measures relating to legal proceedings, mechanisms for the identification, repatriation, protection and reintegration of victims in their country of origin.

At the regional level, cross-border cooperation initiatives carried out by the governments within the framework of the return and reintegration process of victims, bilateral commitments, as well as regional cooperation frameworks developed under the leadership of ECOWAS (Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters between ECOWAS Member States 1992, Extradition Convention between ECOWAS Member States of 1994, Criminal Police Cooperation Agreement between ECOWAS Member States of 2003, Wacap and Wapis networks) provide a relevant institutional entry point. However, difficulties in terms of bilateral police and judicial cooperation persist and stem from the absence of functional inter-country communication mechanisms.


With a view to operationalizing this cross-border cooperation, a benchmarking study of existing transnational cooperation practices and systems in the countries covered by the project would provide a starting point for the project in order to better target the most appropriate intervention. , while bringing together the authorities of the countries concerned around a common diagnosis and strategic guidelines. **

  1. Objectives and results pursued-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


1) General objective-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


The main objective of the mission is to reference the existing arrangements for cross-border cooperation with regard to the fight against trafficking, to analyze their consistency with existing international, regional and bilateral agreements, to verify their practical application and to provide information. intervention recommendations.


2) Specific objectives-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


It is about organizing the work so as to:


1) Prepare, in conjunction with the stakeholders, a comprehensive report providing an inventory of the bilateral and / or multilateral regional agreements of the countries of the region concerned by the project and make a diagnosis of their operational application

2) Formulate concrete recommendations which will serve as a basis for the drafting of a roadmap to be followed for a complete and effective application of the agreements in force.

3) Identify any issues not covered by agreements, analyze the reasons and propose gradual compensatory measures in order to ultimately lay the foundations for a future more inclusive cooperation agreement 4) Analyze more specifically the consideration of the gender dimension in existing agreements and formulate recommendations.


To achieve the specific objectives, the consultant will be responsible for:


Draw up an exhaustive list of all existing agreements, involving at least one of the project countries of intervention, with a chronological update of the contexts of adoption of the signed agreements.

Check the consistency of the texts of the bilateral and / or multilateral regional agreements of the countries concerned with the texts and international and ECOWAS reference standards; also check the consistency of regional texts between them


Carry out an in-depth analysis of each agreement identified and their operationalization. Draw up an inventory of the application of the devices listed with regard to security aspects (border control, joint investigations, handing over of individuals from police to police), Judicial (extraditions, requests for mutual criminal assistance, joint investigations, complaints) and Protection of victims (assistance, support, return of victims, family tracing, etc.)


Analyze the gaps: identify aspects, themes, populations not covered by existing systems and analyze their causes.


Identify good practices, relevant in this field, existing elsewhere in the world and transposable, taking into account the particularities of the regional context.


Make recommendations likely to strengthen and consolidate existing mechanisms or propose new, more efficient mechanisms.


3) Results to be achieved-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


1) Precise, intelligible, clear presentation materials, classified by theme (criminal mutual assistance, repatriation of victims, border security, etc.) with: an inventory, strengths / weaknesses, and gaps;

2) A roadmap validated by the stakeholders including: practical and realistic recommendations for improving / operationalizing existing agreements.


III. Description of the mission and Methodology-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


1) Planned activities-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


Preparation of the mission and methodological framework


At the start of the mission, the service provider will be given a list of documents and information necessary for the quick start and the smooth running of the mission (project documentation, contacts, existing studies, etc.).


A kick-off meeting will also be organized with the service provider.


Phase I: Preparatory work


Identify and examine the relevant documentation: international conventions, regional agreements, national legislation and regulations, research reports etc. (non-exhaustive list)

Research and bring together good cooperation practices developed around the world that can be duplicated in the regional context of the project.

On the basis of the first results obtained, produce an inception report listing regional agreements and defining the next steps (contacts to be met and planning of field missions), update of the methodology and survey tools.


Phase II: Discussions with stakeholders


On the basis of the interview and analysis tools, conduct meetings with the relevant stakeholders, in particular the authorities in charge (National Committees for the fight against trafficking in persons, ministries, international and regional organizations), ECOWAS and other relevant actors (civil society, technical and financial partners).


Phase III: Validation of the diagnosis and proposals


The service provider will present to the commissioning entity a first deliverable, comprising (non-exhaustive list):


A precise diagnosis and a situational analysis by themes identified with a list of relevant agreements, their specific provisions and their implementation (qualitative and quantitative). Relevant recommendations adapted to different contexts, and where applicable budgeted.

The collection of transposable good practices;

Proposals for the supervision modalities of these agreements and mechanisms;

After validation by the sponsor, have all stakeholders validate the diagnosis and recommendations. The service provider is expected to offer several restitution / validation methodologies taking into account the contextual risks (health and political) and in a cost / effectiveness approach.


Phase IV: Closure of the mission-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


Submit a final report taking into account the observations and recommendations of stakeholders, and the comments of the ALTP project team.


The report must be legible, clear and synthetic. He will also have to describe the context, the methodology used, the evolution of the study in its stages and consider all the aspects of diagnosis, analysis and proposal emerging from the study and which concern the elements already mentioned (ex. repatriation of victims of trafficking, between criminal assistance, border security collaboration and for the support of victims). **

2) MethodologyiDevelopment Professional Jobs in West Africa


The service provider must provide a description of the methodology that will be adopted to carry out the Study as well as propose a schedule of the activity according to the expectations of the sponsor. The methodology and schedule will need to be reviewed and adapted at the end of the preparatory work phase.


However, EF stresses that a complete and exhaustive documentary review (carried out remotely) seems essential as well as the organization of interviews with the national parties concerned to soak up the various realities and structures involved, to deepen the key elements of the agreements identified. , verify the actual situation of implementation and application of said agreements.


EF will facilitate contact and ensure the quality of relational approaches with the national actors concerned and of interest to the Study (the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Security, Justice, Social Affairs, etc.).


In view of the context, both political and health, very uncertain, the provider is expected to propose alternative measures.


3) Expected deliverables (cf. with the proposed list objective by objective)


Inception report: T0 + 20d

Interim report: T0 + 2.5 months

Final report: T0 + 4 months


The deliverables must be submitted in French.


4) Coordination-Development Professional Jobs in West Africa


The service provider will designate a single point of contact for the implementation of the project.


Mr. Alessandro Rabbiosi, Regional Director of the project, will be the service provider’s sole contact for Expertise France.


Phone: +225 07 27 12 09 / +225 89 88 88 77



A kick-off meeting will be held within 10 days of contract notification.


Close coordination with the Coordination team at headquarters in Paris, the Regional Team in Abidjan and the national teams in the field, must imperatively be put in place from the preparation of missions and until their finalization. In addition, regular exchanges with Mr. Alessandro Rabbiosi will be expected on the progress of the missions and possibly the difficulties encountered.

  1. Place, Duration and Methods of Execution


The mission will take place in part in the countries of intervention during the second semester of 2020. The work schedule will have to be confirmed and adjusted during the scoping phase, and will be defined in close coordination with the Expertise project team. France and the stakeholders, to ensure the availability of interlocutors and adapt to the current context of crisis linked to COVID 19.


1) Implementation period: 4 months


2) Start date: as soon as possible


3) Planning / timetable: The provisional timetable for the execution of the missions must be proposed by the service provider in his methodological note.


  1. Expertise and profile requested


This call for applications is addressed to consulting firms, research organizations and / or consultants. The structure submitting its application must imperatively demonstrate successful experience in the field of strengthening public policies and institutional support, in cross-border cooperation and in-depth knowledge of the topic of the study (trafficking in persons).


1) Number of service providers per assignment: 1 service provider, with a demonstrated ability to mobilize expertise


2) The service provider (consulting firm, public or private research center, individual consultant, etc.) must demonstrate in his technical proposal:


In-depth legal skills

Excellent knowledge of intervention contexts, at the political, social and legal levels

At least 7 years of professional experience in particular in the field of human rights and trafficking in persons in West Africa

A capacity to have access to the necessary expertise in the countries of intervention and to rely on national (individual experts, universities, research centers etc.) and regional (ECOWAS) resources

A good mastery of the issues related to the establishment of institutional cooperation mechanisms, international and regional consultation frameworks

Excellent abilities:


teamwork and interpersonal skills

analysis, synthesis and writing

transmission of knowledge

decision-making and initiative

Excellent command of French (written / oral) and a very good knowledge of professional English.


  1. Useful information


EF will facilitate the service provider in the implementation of his contract from the point of view of relations with the partners as well as for the missions in the field, according to the program which will be established and validated in agreement between the service provider and EF.


VII. Selection process


The selection process will be conducted by Expertise France.


Applicants are invited to send a detailed proposal of 10 pages maximum including:

A technical proposal demonstrating a good understanding of the challenges of this study and presenting the proposed methodology

An activity schedule showing the different phases and deliverables explained in these ToR

A detailed financial proposal in euros (presented by type of costs, each cost to be detailed by unit, number of units and total) including all costs (fees, travel, per diem, etc.) and highlighting the various operational proposals requested in order to to mitigate the risks.

The references of the applicant organization and the CV (s) and specific skills of the consultant (s) responsible for the study, as well as the distribution of roles between experts, if applicable.

The maximum budget programmed for carrying out this study is 50,000 euros including tax.

This budget is firm and includes the costs relating to this consultation, fees, travel costs, per diems, local and international transport etc., which must be detailed in the financial proposal of the provider.

The assessment of the offer will be based on the criteria set out below with their weighting:

Expertise qualification: 35%

Methodological offer: 35%

Financial offer: 30%


TOTAL: 100%


Any application that is incomplete or does not meet all of these requirements will be rejected.

How to apply


Technical and financial proposals should be sent to Eric Zaye GNAOULE (, Purchasing and Subsidies Manager, indicating in the subject line “Proposal for consultation / Referencing of transnational cooperation practices and mechanisms in the Gulf of Guinea countries ”.

The deadline for the submission of technical and financial proposals is Wednesday September 09, 2020, at 5 p.m. (Abidjan time – Ivory Coast)